Umudike Journal of Engineering and Technology

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike


AIRBORNE PARTICULATE MATTER IN THE ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT OF A TOBACCO MANUFACTURING PLANT

Adeniran, J. A.
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Yusuf, R. O.
Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria

Jimoda, L. A.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Oyo State, Nigeria

Fakinle, B. S.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Kwara State, Nigeria

Sonibare, J. A.
Department of Chemical Engineering Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria



ABSTRACT

Quarterly concentrations of ambient particulate matter mass ranges PM1, PM2.5, PM7, PM10, and Total Suspended Particles (TSP) were measured in a major cigarette manufacturing company in Ibadan, southwestern Nigeria. The samplings were carried out in both the indoor and outdoor environment of the study location. During the study, the ambient measured microclimatic parameters agreed with the weather historical data of the area. Measured and extrapolated 24-hr concentration of the PM2.5,PM10, and TSP were compared with  the World Health Organization, Federal Ministry of Environment (FMENV), and the World Bank Standards. Particulate matter (PM) was measured with GT-331 Particle Mass Monitor while weather tracker Kestrel 4500 was used for the measurements of microclimatic parameters.  It was found that some of the PM ranges measured fall within standard while some exceeded the set standards. The highest measured concentrations of the particulates were noticed in the first quarter which could be attributable to the prevailing microclimatic conditions during the quarter. PM10 and TSP gave the highest measured and 24-hr extrapolated concentrations for all the quarters in the indoor and outdoor environments. Seasonal/quarterly variation and compliance with cleaner practice were found to be associated with PM10 and TSP concentration.



Keywords: particulate matter, tobacco , microclimatic parameter, indoor, outdoor


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Published
Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Issue
Vol. 2 No. 2, DEC 2016

Article Section
GENERAL

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